Lacy O’Toole | CNBC
Charlie Munger, vice chairman of Berkshire Hathaway and Warren Buffett’s longtime business partner, issued a dire warning on the manic momentum-driven trading activity by amateur investors and said commission-free trading apps like Robinhood were partly to blame for the bubble.
“It’s most egregious in the momentum trading by novice investors lured in by new types of brokerage operation like Robinhood and I think all of this activity is regrettable,” Munger said Wednesday at the Los Angeles-based Daily Journal annual shareholders meeting, which was live streamed by Yahoo Finance.
The 97-year-old investor said retail traders are being enticed by brokerage apps touting free trading. Robinhood has been accused by critics of gamifying investing through its app. It and other online brokerage firms rely on a controversial practice called payment for order flow as their profit engine in lieu of commissions. These brokers receive payments from market makers like Virtu and Citadel Securities for routing trades to them.
“No one should believe Robinhood trades are free,” Munger said. “The frenzy is fed by people who are getting commissions and other revenues out of this new bunch of gamblers.”
‘Dirty way of making money’
The jaw-dropping GameStop mania became the poster child of the speculative bubble that Munger raised a red flag on. A wave of at-home traders encouraged each other on Reddit chat room to pile into shares of the brick-and-mortar video game retailer, creating a monstrous short squeeze that saw the stock soar 400% in one week.
“There are threats of clearing house failure, so it gets very dangerous,” added Munger. “And it’s really stupid to have a culture which encourages as much gambling in stocks by people who have the mindset of racetrack matters … It’s a dirty way of making money.”
Munger even compared the current trading frenzy to the historic South Sea bubble of 1720.
“You will remember when the first bubble came which was the South Sea bubble in England back in the 1700s. It created such a big havoc when it blew up,” Munger said. “England didn’t allow hardly any public trading in securities and any companies for decades thereafter. It just created the most unholy mess.”
“So the human greed and the aggression of the brokerage community creates these bubble from time to time. I think wise people just stay out of them,” he added.