By Tracy Rucinski, Eric M. Johnson and David Shepardson
CHICAGO/SEATTLE/WASHINGTON (Reuters) – The U.S. air accident investigator said on Thursday that proposed safety upgrades in the Boeing Co 737 MAX jet were “positive progress” toward meeting cockpit and systems recommendations it made after faulting Boeing and the Federal Aviation Administration last year for development flaws following fatal crashes.
The comments from National Transportation Safety Board Chairman Robert Sumwalt were submitted during a 45-day public comment period for proposed 737 MAX design and operating changes laid out by the U.S. FAA last month.
The changes could pave the way for the U.S. FAA to lift a ban on the jet, potentially before year-end. The 737 MAX was grounded worldwide 18-months ago after crashes killed 346 people in Ethiopia and Indonesia and raised questions about FAA certification of the aircraft.
In a separate filing on Thursday, victims’ families urged additional steps including a full aerodynamic review, saying the changes “fail to address the root cause of the problem: the 737 MAX’s inherent aerodynamic instability.”
A Boeing spokesman declined to comment.
In their filing, victims’ families said Boeing’s proposed modification of a key software system called MCAS linked to both crashes does not address the jet’s underlying aerodynamic problem, introduces greater complexity, and may create additional failure modes.
The families called for a complete aerodynamic evaluation of the 737 MAX to understand the airplane’s pitch-up tendency and a simplified crew alert system so that pilots are not overwhelmed by multiple warning systems.
In both crashes, the MCAS flight control system, triggered by erroneous data from a single angle-of-attack airflow sensor, repeatedly and forcefully pushed down the jet’s nose as pilots struggled to regain control.
If the MAX is certified to fly again with a less powerful MCAS system, the families called for a third active angle-of-attack sensor and accompanying software to detect sensor failures.
Sumwalt, the NTSB Chair, said the FAA’s actions on the MCAS system were “positive progress” toward meeting the intent of the NTSB’s own safety recommendation related to uncommanded flight control inputs. Sumwalt also said proposed changes to pilot procedures were “generally consistent with the intent” of another NTSB recommendation.
A year ago, the NTSB, which participated in both crash investigations, criticized Boeing and the FAA for failing to adequately consider how pilots respond to cockpit emergencies.
Aside from the FAA’s final airworthiness directive, Boeing is facing reviews by foreign regulators, who are also weighing new pilot training procedures. FAA Administrator Steve Dickson also plans to conduct a 737 MAX test flight.
(Reporting by Tracy Rucinski in Chicago, Eric M. Johnson in Seattle and David Shepardson in Washington; Editing by Chizu Nomiyama, Andrea Ricci and David Gregorio)