Stock market live updates: Dow up 700, economy roaring back, follow Powell testimony here

A person walks at the Wall Street subway stop in New York City.

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U.S. equities surged on Tuesday, helped by a bevy of bullish news, including a historic jump in retail sales and positive data from a study in a coronavirus treatment. Stocks were also helped by reports that the Trump administration is preparing a $1 trillion infrastructure bill. Federal Reserve chair Jerome Powell testifies before Congress on Tuesday. 

This is a live blog. Please check back for updates. 

10:17 Powell testimony begins

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10:15 am: Homebuilder sentiment surges to largest one-month rise on record

A measure of U.S. homebuilder optimism jumped the most on record in June amid a bump in mortgage applications and low interest rates, climbing to 58 from a reading of 37 in May. June’s reading from the National Association of Homebuilders was the largest one-month increase since the index’s development in 1985. The sharp move higher came after two months of gloomy outlook, including April’s record 42-point drop, and comes as U.S. states move to relax coronavirus business closures. Readings above 50 indicate more builders believed conditions were good rather than poor; economists polled by Dow Jones had expected a print of 46 for June. — Franck

10:07 am: Powell says ‘significant uncertainty’ regarding economic recovery. 

Testimony from Federal Reserve Chairman Jerome Powell in front of the Senate Banking panel will begin any moment. Powell warned in his prepared remarks ahead of his testimony to Congress that “significant uncertainty remains about the timing and strength of the recovery.” Powell said small businesses and lower-income and minority Americans are particularly at risk as the economy regains its footing following the coronavirus shutdown. Powell will tell the Senate banking committee that while some indicators have shown improvement, there’s still a long way to go during this recovery. — Cox, Fitzgerald 

9:37 am: Regulators never thought investors would be gullible enough to buy Hertz ‘garbage,’ ex-SEC chief says

Former Securities and Exchange Commission chairman Harvey Pitt said on “Squawk Box” that “no one ever really anticipated that people would be gullible enough” to buy bankrupt stocks like Hertz. Pitt also said that, because the rental car company has already filed for bankruptcy, any legal challenge would focus on the investment banks that are helping with the secondary stock offering. Shares of Hertz continued their volatile trading on Tuesday, rising more than 16% in the session’s opening minutes. —Pound

9:31 am: Stocks open with sharp gains, Dow up 800 points

U.S. equities surged on Tuesday, with the Dow Jones Industrial Average jumping 840 points at the opening bell. The S&P 500 and Nasdaq Composite registered gains of 2.8% and 2.3%, respectively. Investors were encouraged by the historic jump in retail sales as well as success in one study with a steroid that reduced coronavirus deaths. — Fitzgerald 

9:11 am: Oil rises as IEA says 2020 demand loss won’t be as severe as initial predictions

Oil prices rose on Tuesday after the International Energy Agency said in its closely followed monthly report on the oil market that 2020 demand will be better than previously expected. “While the oil market remains fragile, the recent modest recovery in prices suggests that the first half of 2020 is ending on a more optimistic note,” the report said. West Texas Intermediate, the U.S. oil benchmark, rose $1.42, or 3.8%, to trade at $38.54 per barrel. International benchmark Brent crude rose $1.39 to $41.09 per barrel. That said, the IEA predicted that demand will still fall by 8.1 million barrels per day in 2020 — the largest drop on record — and remain depressed through at least 2022 as the impacts of Covid-19 continue to weigh. – Stevens

9:00 am: Here are Tuesday’s biggest analyst calls of the day: Apple, Nvidia, Cisco, Intel & more

  • Citi raised its price target on Apple to $400 from $310.
  • Morgan Stanley downgraded Intel & Nvidia to equal weight from overweight.
  • Cowen downgraded Humana to market perform from outperform.
  • Bank of America upgraded Cisco to buy from neutral.
  • Guggenheim upgraded Eli Lilly to buy from neutral. — Bloom

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8:55 am: Retail sales bounce back

Retail sales for May rose 17.69%, for the best gain on record back to 1967. This follow’s April number, which dropped 14.75%, the worst on record. —Francolla

8:51 am: Patients hospitalized with Covid-19 reportedly show improvement after steroid treatment

Dexamethasone, a steroid, has reportedly reduced deaths by up to one third in patients hospitalized with Covid-19, the Associated Press reported based on a study in England. The drug helped those who were severely ill and on breathing machines, while doing little for patients exhibiting fewer symptoms. The overall study included more than 11,000 patients, with 2,104 receiving dexamethasone. – Stevens

8:50 am: Trump reacts to historic retail sales

President Donald Trump weighed in on the historic jump in retail sales on Tuesday morning. “Wow! May retail sales show biggest one-month increase of ALL TIME, up 17.7%. Far bigger than projected. Looks like a BIG DAY FOR THE STOCK MARKET, AND JOBS!,” Trump said in a tweet. — Fitzgerald 

8:37 am: Retail sales surge 17.7% in May, biggest monthly increase ever

Retail sales for the month of May soared 17.7%, the biggest monthly jump on record, as retailers start to reopen following the coronavirus shutdown. The past two months have seen negative retail sales numbers. Economists polled by Dow Jones were expecting an increase of 8%. Stock futures accelerated gains following the strong economic data. The Dow Jones Industrial Average rose more than 700 points. — Fitzgerald 

8:25 am: McDonald’s comp sales fall 5% in May

McDonald’s said Tuesday its U.S. same-store sales fell just 5.1% in May as the fast food chain reopened dining rooms in its home market. Shares of McDonald’s rose 1% in premarket trading on Tuesday following the news. U.S. same-store sales fell 25% from mid-March through mid-April. — Fitzgerald 

8:07 am: Red-hot Nvidia gets a rare downgrade

Morgan Stanley on Tuesday downgraded popular chip stock Nvidia to “equal weight” from “overweight,” saying there’s less space for upside given the elevated valuation after the massive rally this year. Nvidia has risen 55% this year, making it the best-performing chip stock in the Nasdaq-100. Morgan Stanley’s downgrade is also a rotation call. The bank is advising clients to shift away from semiconductors in the cloud software business, which have held up during the pandemic, and into underperforming shares of chip companies more leveraged to an economic recovery. –Li

8:05 am: Record number of investors consider equities overvalued, Bank of America survey says 

A record number of market participants consider the stock market to be “overvalued,” according to the Bank of America Global Fund Manager Survey, one of the most long running and widely followed polls of Wall Street investors. A net 78% of investors in June said they think the stock market is overpriced, the most since the survey began in 1998 and higher than the levels when the Dotcom bubble burst in 1999-2000. — Melloy, Fitzgerald

8:02 am: Bank of America clients sold $2.1 billion in stock last week

Data compiled by Bank of America showed its clients pulled $2.1 billion from equities last week, marking their second straight week of equity outflows. Institutional investors led the outflows, pulling $1.288 billion from stocks. Hedge funds took out $491 million from stocks. —Imbert

7:59 am: Fed-backed credit market is giving investors a reason to look past stock market pullback

The credit market, which had seized up during the start of the coronavirus disruption, is now stabilizing thanks to the Federal Reserve’s unprecedented backstop. And it’s clearing a big overhang for stocks as the distortion in the debt market can be dangerous to the economy and the financial system that has relied on free-flowing credit for years. The central bank announced Monday it is broadening its corporate bond buying approach to include single issues on top of exchange-traded funds and high-yield securities. Credit spreads have tightened to nearly pre-coronavirus levels since the Fed stepped in. –Li

7:53 am: North Korea blows up liaison office with South Korea

South Korea said North Korea blew up its inter-Korean liaison office on Tuesday morning, according to NBC. South Korea’s Unification Ministry confirmed to NBC News that the liaison office in the North Korean border town of Kaesong was destroyed “by bombing” on Tuesday afternoon local time. Earlier this month, North Korea threatened to permanently shut the liaison office with South Korea as it condemned its rival for failing to prevent activists from sending anti-North Korean leaflets across the border. — Fitzgerald 

7:42 am: Apple shares rise after Citi hikes price target

A Citi analyst raised his 12-month price on Apple to a Street-high $400 per share from $310 per share, sending the tech giant’s stock up more than 1% in the premarket. The new price target implies an upside of 16.6% from Apple’s close of $342.99 on Monday. Analyst Jim Suva cited five reasons for the higher price target, including upside from Apple’s wearables segment. Suva added he expects Apple to unveil a 5G iPhone later this year. “We do believe that Apple will likely have a strong 5G product offering in time for Christmas 2020,” the analyst wrote. —Imbert

7:38 am: Fed’s Powell heading to Capitol Hill for semiannual testimony

Federal Reserve Chairman Jerome Powell appears before Congress this week to deliver his semiannual report on monetary policy. Powell starts his two-day tour today before the Senate Committee on Banking, Housing and Urban Affairs. Markets generally expect the central bank leader to repeat the tepid economic assessment he delivered following last week’s Federal Open Market Committee meeting, then address a bevy of topics from the legislators. He’ll likely be asked about the potential for the Fed to adopt yield curve control measures, though Dallas Fed President Robert Kaplan on Monday expressed skepticism about that idea. His remarks also come the day after the Fed announced it was firing up its Main Street lending program and expanding its corporate bond purchases from ETFs into individual corporate issues. – Cox

7:37 am: Reopen trades lead market higher

Stocks most sensitive to the economy’s reopening, including retailers, airlines and casinos, led stocks higher during premarket trading on Tuesday. Macy’s and Kohl’s all gained more than 6%, while United Airlines and American Airlines jumped more than 8%. Casino names Wynn Resorts and Las Vegas Sands gained 3% and 2%, respectively. All of these stocks finished Monday’s session lower. – Stevens

7:35 am: Trump administration weighs $1 trillion infrastructure plan: report

The Trump administration is considering pushing for a $1 trillion infrastructure plan to help pull the economy out of the pandemic-induced recession, Bloomberg News reported. The plan would fund provide funds for roads and bridges but also for higher-tech infrastructure, such as 5G and rural internet. —Pound

7:23 am: Futures rise, Dow up 400 points

U.S. equity futures rose on Tuesday after a Bloomberg News report said the Trump administration is preparing a $1 trillion infrastructure bill. The Dow Jones Industrial Average futures rallied 475 points. S&P 500 futures and Nasdaq-100 futures rose more than 1%. 

On Monday, stocks finished in the green after a volatile day of trading. The Dow rose 159 points, having earlier dropped more than 700 points. The S&P 500 and Nasdaq jumped 0.83% and 1.43%, respectively.  Stocks initially fell on concerns about a surge in coronavirus cases in the United States and Beijing. Stocks were helped by the Federal Reserve announcement that it will start buying individual corporate bonds. — Fitzgerald 

— with reporting from CNBC’s Jeff Cox, Yun Li and Fred Imbert. 

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